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Friday, March 30, 2012

The Neo-Cold War; Deja Vu- Continuare GAZPROM rising

Russia is building up leadership in the energy market again.

Nabucco, the gazoduct pipeline, was set up and financed by the European Union, to avoid dependency on Russia, and it is sustained mainly by the EU.

(NABUCCO is made up of a consortium of countries like Austria Germania, Ungaria, Romania, Bulgaria si Turcia) But Russia has set up the South Stream pipeline (that is an arm of the GAZPROM giant).

What south stream means for Romania? Russia is on the rise again, and the ex-soviet little orbits can feel it.

South Stream pipeline, which will bring Russian gas to Central and South-Eastern EuCOM, has received the green light Saturday, when he signed the contract.

While Moscow may see this as a success that deepened Europe's dependence on Russian giant Gazprom state, it is not very good news for Romania, and the rest of the EU countries either.

First, because we will almost certainly be excluded from participation in this project.

Second, the South Stream project endangers our favorite project, and affects our geopolitical interests.

We did not very much wanted this either {not right, as Romanians have died this winter of cold}. And Russians wouldn’t like it either, as they can’t be working with a state they are not in the best relationship with. At most, Romania will probably participate in the future somewhere in Bulgaria through a branch or maybe in the Black Sea. This despite the fact that there were rumors that we might be part of it in the future.

Although President Traian Basescu that it is better to opt for competing projects , Nabucco, it wouldn’t be all bad, as South Stream Pipelines would pass through Romanian territory, a positive fact. First, it would have meant getting to host substantial amounts of gas pipelines.

It would have benefitted Romanians, as the Russians would have reduced the price of gas for the gas destined to Romanians. But our politicians are dumb.

News of how the Romania media interprets this ascention of Russian energy power:


Proiect fara Romania La ora asta, pare evident ca nu vom participa la South Stream. Nici nu ne-am dorit-o foarte tare. Si nici rusii, care ar folosi doar ca ultima varianta colaborarea cu un stat cu care nu se afla in cele mai bune relatii.

Cel mult, Romania va participa undeva in viitor printr-o ramificatie din Bulgaria sau din Marea Neagra. Cel mult. Asta in ciuda faptului ca au existat zvonuri ca vom fi parte. De fapt, au fost mai mult sperietori pentru Bulgaria, cea pe teritoriul careia South Stream va iesi din Marea Neagra si care ,,tinea la pret'' in negocierile cu rusii. Desi presedintele Traian Basescu credea ca e mai bine sa opteze pentru proiectul concurent, Nabucco: nu ar fi fost deloc rau ca South Stream sa ne strabata teritoriul. In primul rand, asta ar fi insemnat ca primeam sume consistente pentru gazduirea conductelor de gaze. Sau rusii ne-ar fi redus din pretul gazelor in contul acestor bani. Apoi, exista avantajul ca Romania sa devina un nod energetic important. Avantaj care s-ar dubla in cazul in care si gazoductul Nabucco ar fi construit. Nu in ultimul rand, pierdem beneficiul pe care ti-l asigura faptul ca poti controla conductele ce trec pe teritoriul tau. Ucraina a aratat ce poate face cand are acest atu, in timpul crizelor gazului. Nabucco si geopolitica Faptul ca South Stream va fi realizat impiedica in oarecare masura constructia gazoductului Nabucco, cel care trebuia sa aduca gaze din Asia Centrala si Orientul Apropiat. De retinut, ocolind Rusia, ceea ce ar insemna o slabirea a dependentei energetice a Europei fata de statul condus de Putin si Medvedev. Nabucco e mai greu de realizat din doua motive. In primul rand, South Stream va folosi o mare parte din gazele de provenienta central-asiatica pe care mizau suporterii proiectului anti-rusesc. "Este inutil si periculos sa construiesti un gazoduct fara sa ai mai intai contracte de furnizare a gazelor'', avertiza insusi premierul rus Vladimir Putin. Apoi, e posibil ca cererea de gaze sa nu fie atat de mare incat consumatorii europeni sa aiba nevoie de doua surse de aprovizionare. Astea sunt vesti proaste pentru Romania, care a mizat aproape excusiv pe cartea Nabucco. Acest proiect ar aduce nu numai beneficiile pe care le-am enumerat pentru South Stream, dar si ceva in plus. In primul rand economic.

Am putea plati mai putin daca primim gaze prin Nabucco si am avea si avantajul ca nu ar trebui sa mai stam la bunul plac al negocierilor cu furnizorul unic - compania ruseasca Gazprom. In plus, ne-am asigura ca nu ramanem fara gaze in plina iarna, daca am avea o noua intrerupere a livrarilor. Pe plan geopolitic, South Stream si posibila abandonare a Nabucco inseamna o intarire a pozitiei Rusiei in regiune. Adaugat la trecerea Ucrainei la un regim rusofil care deja a prelungit sederea in Crimeea a flotei ruse si a vandut Gazprom o mare parte a retelei de gazoducte. Noi trebuie sa intelegem ca in contextul actual ascensiunea puterii rusesti nu ne avantajeaza. Din simplul motiv ca rusii nu ne privesc cu cei mai buni ochi. Sprijinul romanesc pentru Nabucco, instalarea elementelor scutului anti racheta al SUA in Romania, dar si politica romaneasca in spatiul ex-sovietic irita Rusia la maxim. Acum South Stream reprezinta noul atu al Kremlinului. Lucrul asta nu ar trebui sa ne sperie, dar cu siguranta nu ne avantajeaza.

---a very short statement. Gazprom eyes Greek state gas company March 16, 2012 6:38 pm by Isabel Gorst
Whoever wins the privatisation auction of Depa, the Greek state gas group, this month, will be able to influence EU-backed plans to transport Caspian gas to Europe and reduce dependence on Russian energy supplies.
So it should come as no surprise that Gazprom, the Russian gas monopoly, on Friday confirmed that it was considering throwing its hat in the ring and placing a bid for Depa. Greece has invited bids for a stake in Depa, where the state holds 68 per cent, and Desfa, the Greek gas pipeline operator, as part of a plan to raise €19bn through privatizations to reduce its crippling debts. The sale will take place at the end of this month and is expected to raise around €2bn.
Greece is not a big gas market, and is unlikely to grow given the dire state of the country’s finances. But the Depa sale is expected to attract several bidders interested in Greece’s strategic role as a hub for pipelines carrying gas to Europe. The EU, aiming to reduce dependence on Russian gas, is backing the so called Southern Corridor =nobucco project, to transport Caspian gas to Europe crossing Caucasus, Turkey and Greece on the way. Gazprom is also looking to Greece as a gas transit route. Part of Russia’s planned South Stream pipeline to carry extra Russian gas to Europe would cross Greek territory. Gazprom has built strong relations with Greece since entering a 50:50 joint venture with Greece called Prometheus Gas in 1991 that now handles about two-thirds of Greek gas supplies. Alexei Miller, the chief executive of Gazprom, met Dimitrios Copelouzos, the managing director of Prometheus Gas, in Moscow on Friday for talks about Russian-Greek energy cooperation. The two men also discussed the possibility of Gazprom placing a bid for Depa, Gazprom said in a statement. Several other gas companies are understood to be interested in buying Depa each one with a different agenda. Eni of Italy, Gazprom’s partner in South Stream, is expected to join the fray. So is Socar, the state oil company of Azerbaijan, the main gas supplier for the Southern Corridor. Algeria’s Sonatrach, which supplies LNG to Greece, made also a bid, along with a number of European utilities. So Gazprom may have to offer a high price and use all the political leverage it can find if it is to run away with the Depa prize."
----------------- B. Searching for my colleagues in journalism: Please contact -- 1. Alexandru Dorogan - R. Moldova 2. Anatol Caciuc - R. Moldova 3. Inno Brezeanu - Londra 4. Vlad Madan - R. Moldova 5. Ionela van Rees - Zota - Frankfurt 6. Oana Perju - Canada 7. Maria Diana Pop - Stuttgart 8. Robert Landmann Munchen 9. Andi Radiu - Italia (adresa de la Gazeta Romaneasca nu functioneaza) 10. Carol Kalauz - Sydney, Austarlia 11. Anamaria - Florina Prosser - SUA 12. Mihai Dorin Paun - SUA 13. Eduard Iancu - Montreal 14. Anatol Tinica, B─âlti, R. Boldova 15. Nicolay Plushkis - Kazahstan 16. Octavian Sarbatoare - ? 17. Razvan Dupleac - Canada

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